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  • Module power 3.3V, regular current consumption at 70ma, peak current at 240mA (300mA must be able to provided)
  • +20Dbm power, 100M max transmitting distance on ideal circumstance.
  • It is common and correct to see some random error data when module is power up, and end up with "ready" (Turn baud rate to 115200 can see this actual debug data, this is used for firmware updating)

IC Features

  • 802.11 b / g / n
  • WIFI @ 2.4 GHz, supports WPA / WPA2 security mode
  • Ultra-small size module 11.5mm * 11.5mm
  • Built-in 10 bit precision ADC
  • Built-in TCP / IP protocol stack
  • Built-in TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
  • Built-in PLL, voltage regulator and power management components
  • 802.11b mode + 19.5dBm output power
  • Supports antenna diversity
  • Off leakage current is less than 10uA
  • Built-in low-power 32-bit CPU: can double as an application processor
  • SDIO 2.0, SPI, UART
  • STBC, 1x1 MIMO, 2x1 MIMO
  • The guard interval A-MPDU, the polymerization of the A-MSDU and 0.4 s of
  • Within 2ms of the wake, connect and transfer data packets
  • Standby power consumption is less than 1.0mW (DTIM3)
  • Operating temperature range -40 ~ 125 ℃

AT Commands

Pin Wiring (V090)

  • Use FT232RL can supply enough power, must be genius IC of course
  • Swap the uart pins if no data show up on the monitor
  • There are two leds on the board, one is power led (RED), another one is status LED(BLUE), when power up, pwr led keeps on and status led will blink once.
  • baud rate may work at 9600 (seems the latest correct one), 115200 or 57600

Module Pin Description

  • Normal mode: Normal boot from flash, normal working mode
  • Flash mode: Firmware flash mode
Pin High Status Low Status
RST (maybe GPIO16) N/C restart
CH_PD normal mode and flash mode -
GPIO0 - flash mode
GPIO 15*** - normal mode and flash mode
GPIO 2 should be high on when booting****
  • * Better use standard alone power source, with large capacitor (CPOL-107), common GND
  • ** The serial port, swap these two pins if no data come up. this is very easily go wrong. (TX to RX, and RX to TX, not TX to TX and RX to RX)
  • *** N/A for PTH version WI07-01, available on SMD version
  • **** Normally already set to high on default, just don't pull it low on booting

Setup Verification

  • check two LEDS status when boot up, if this is not working, double check your wiring first then continue, don't forget CHPD to VCC
  • check if your devices (phone) can find a wifi spot named like "ESP_98529F" or similar, the later number part is the mac ID, if you can see this wifi spot, it means your module boot up sucessfully
  • swap RX and TX pins if you can not get AT commands response
  • Tick "new line" option on SSCOM32 serial port monitor tool
  • Try baudrate 9600 or 115200 normally should be these two, old version is 115200
  • Don't forget to connect GPIO15 to GND if you are using the SMD model

First time use guide

Using arduino as serial port montior

  • Connect VCC and GND of module to 3v3 and GND of arduino, RXD to TXD of arduino, and TXD to RXD of arduino (should add resistors or logic level shifter for logic level and protect IOs)
  • Simply upload blink sketch to arduino, to ensure MCU won't use serial port
  • User any other serial port monitor like SSCOM32 we used here, available here UART
  • In the serial port, you should see "ready" in the end of the random data after powered up.
  • Send AT (commands, with "newline option")will receive OK in return.

Steps and note

  • AT+RST restart the module, received some strange data, and "ready"
  • AT+CWMODe=3 change the working mode to 3, AP+STA, only use the most versatile mode 3 (AT+RST may be necessary when this is done.)

Join Router

  • AT+CWLAP search available wifi spot
  • AT+CWJAP=“you ssid”, “password” join my mercury router spot (ops, the wifi password is here :) )
  • AT+CWJAP=? check if connected successfully, or use AT+CWJAP?

TCP Client

  • AT+CIPMUX=1 turn on multiple connection
  • AT+CIPSTART=4,"TCP","192,168.1.104",9999 connect to remote TCP server (the PC)
  • AT+CIPMODE=1 optionally enter into data transmission mode
  • AT+CIPSEND=4,5 send data via channel 4, 5 bytes length (see socket test result below, only "elect" received), link will be "unlink" when no data go through

TCP Server

  • AT+CIPSERVER=1,9999 setup TCP server, on port 9999, 1 means enable
  • AT+CIFSR check module IP address
  • PC as a TCP client connect to module using socket test, send data


Socket test running result

  • In the sockettest, do not tick the "secure" in TCP client, it causes unstable


Other Arduino Demo Code

  • In this case, the wifi module still connect to hardware serial (software serial port can not higher than 19200 baud rate), and another software serial port should be created on arduino and print out via another serial port
  • So the connection should be
Wifi's uart to arduino hardware uart; 
arduino's sotware UART to another serial port device, for example like FTDI basic, CP2102 breakout, etc, and this serial port device can connect to PC to read data
  • change the SSID and password in code for your wifi router
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
#define SSID        "xxxxxxxx"
#define PASS        "xxxxxxxx"
#define DST_IP      ""    //
SoftwareSerial dbgSerial(10, 11); // RX, TX
void setup()
  // Open serial communications and wait for port to open:
  dbgSerial.begin(9600);  //can't be faster than 19200 for softserial
  dbgSerial.println("ESP8266 Demo");
  //test if the module is ready
  if (Serial.find("ready"))
    dbgSerial.println("Module is ready");
    dbgSerial.println("Module have no response.");
    while (1);
  //connect to the wifi
  boolean connected = false;
  for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++)
    if (connectWiFi())
      connected = true;
  if (!connected) {
    while (1);
  //print the ip addr
  dbgSerial.println("ip address:");
  while (Serial.available())
  //set the single connection mode
void loop()
  String cmd = "AT+CIPSTART=\"TCP\",\"";
  cmd += DST_IP;
  cmd += "\",80";
  if (Serial.find("Error")) return;
  cmd = "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n";
  if (Serial.find(">"))
  } else
    dbgSerial.println("connect timeout");
  while (Serial.available())
    char c =;
    if (c == '\r') dbgSerial.print('\n');
boolean connectWiFi()
  String cmd = "AT+CWJAP=\"";
  cmd += SSID;
  cmd += "\",\"";
  cmd += PASS;
  cmd += "\"";
  if (Serial.find("OK"))
    dbgSerial.println("OK, Connected to WiFi.");
    return true;
  } else
    dbgSerial.println("Can not connect to the WiFi.");
    return false;

Debug and Note

  • Better use standalone power source, not using power from USB-TTL module, it may not able to provide sufficient current.
  • Module will disconnect "unlink" TCP/UDP when no data go through
  • Wait AT commands feedback and continue, otherwise will return "busy"
  • Potential cause for "error" : password length must be more than 8 bytes, use multiple connection and mode three, try disconnect current connection before try "AT+CWLAP" (module will reconnect after restart), re-flash firmware.
  • mac address please check in your router page or use arp to check.
  • (1st Oct.) change CR to CR/LF (\r\n in coding), which means "carriage return and line feed" for new firmware version 0.92


Latest firmware

Tools and how to update firmware

You can find all the tools on our documents link at the end of this page. two types of firmware examples available: AT (Commands, normally only UART pins used) and IO (Control, full IOs version)

How to use for XTCOM

  • Download the bin file
  • Set the module to update mode, connect the module : choose "tools" - "configure device"
  • Upload bin file: API Test - Flash image download
  • upload the bin file at 0x00000 (app)
  • upload the second bin file at 0x40000 (this one is optionally, libraries)

Firmware Details

Boot Process

  • Reset vector is 0x40000080.
  • Boots into Espressif code in IROM0.
  • Loads SPI ROM data.
  • Starts executing ESP SDK-code shadowed SPI ROM (unconfirmed).

SPI Flash ROM Layout

Address Size Name Description
00000h 248k app.v6.flash.bin User application
3E000h 8k master_device_key.bin OTA device key
40000h 240K app.v6.irom0text.bin SDK libraries
7C000h 8k esp_init_data_default.bin Default configuration
7E000h 8k blank.bin Filled with FFh. May be WiFi configuration.


  • GCC Linux toolchain nurdspace First setup guide - GCC, not yet tested to work with 0.92 firmware, work with 0.91 (seems different settings, need update)
  • SDK source code and more tools please find on the drive for now, examples folder includes AT (default UART commands flashed in the module) and IoT demo (simple webserver, socket, light control, etc)

IC Pin Defintion


Pin Name Type GPIO Function UART, IIC, 3Bits SDIO, LED Plug/PWM light/Sensor Boot
1 VDDA P Analog Power 3.0 ~3.6V
2 LNA IO RF Antenna Interface,Chip Output Impedance=50 Ω
Recommend that the π- type matching network is retained.
3 VDD3P3 P Amplifier Power 3.0~3.6V
4 VDD3P3 P Amplifier Power 3.0~3.6V
5 VDD_RTC P NC(1.1V)
7 CHIP_EN I Chip Enable. High: On, chip works properly; Low: off power supply, minimum current High for booting
8 XPD_DCDC IO GPIO16 Deep-Sleep Wakeup, external RST, low to reset, high for working mode
10 MTDI IO GPIO12 HSPIQ Communication status LED (Light)PWM red LED control
11 VDDPST P Digital/IO Power Supply (1.8V~3.3V)
12 MTCK IO GPIO13 HSPID RST Key (Light)PWM blue LED control; (plug) RST Key
13 MTDO IO GPIO15 HSPICS 3bits SDIO (Light)PWM green LED control; (Plug) relay control, H/L TTL Low for booting
14 GPIO2 IO GPIO2 UART Tx during flash progamming (?); must be high when booting, already set to high on default 3bits SDIO; UART1 system info print (TX); I2C SDA
15 GPIO0 IO GPIO0 SPICS2 3bits SDIO; Status LED (plug) wifi status LED Low for flashing mode
17 VDDPST P Digital/IO Power Supply (1.8V~3.3V)
18 SDIO_DATA_2 IO Connect to SD_D2 (Series R 200Ω);SPIHD; HSPIHD
19 SDIO_DATA_3 IO Connect to SD_D3 (Series R 200Ω); SPIWP; HSPIWP
20 SDIO_CMD IO Connect to SD_CMD(Series R 200Ω); SPICS0
21 SDIO_CLK IO Connect to SD_CLK (Series R 200Ω); SPICLK
22 SDIO_DATA_0 IO Connect to SD_D0 (Series R 200Ω); SPIQ
23 SDIO_DATA_1 IO Connect to SD_D1 (Series R 200Ω); SPID
25 U0RXD IO GPIO3 UART Rx during flash progamming (?) UART0 for user
26 U0TXD IO GPIO1 GPIO1; SPICS1 (?) UART0 for user, do not allow low when booting
27 XTAL_OUT IO Connect to crystal output, can be used to provide BT clock input
28 XTAL_IN IO Connect to crystal input
29 VDDD P Analog Power 3.0~3.6V
30 VDDA P Analog Power 3.0~3.6V
31 RES12K I Connect to series R 12kΩ to ground
32 EXT_RSTB I External reset signal (Low: Active)